Oversupply of Tonnage Impacts Dry Bulk Rates



The Singapore holiday mid-week disrupted trading and unsettled the market, with owners losing some resilience. The market took on a late summer feel with a nearby over supply of tonnage, but many considered the ground lost would be regained.

As the week closed the West Australia to China rate dropped to USD 9.30 from Dampier to Qingdao for 9-11 September but there were those suggesting a floor had been reached. Essentially rates were still at good numbers, with a 2001-built 172,500dwt open Fangcheng, 29-31 August, fixing for Australia at around USD 24,000 daily.

Rates eased for cargoes from Saldanha to Qingdao with owners offering rates in the high USD 17.00s for 18-20 September cargoes. The Brazil to China route came under pressure with most of the major players absent from the market and rates now allegedly at little more than the mid USD 22.00s, shedding around USD 2.00 from the previous week.

Vessels in ballast continued to head to Brazil, but some sources said the operators of some had cargo in hand and the list numbers available were shrinking. The North Atlantic remained very short of cargo, particularly for Trans-Atlantic rounds, with some putting the Puerto Bolivar to Rotterdam run to low USD 11.00.

The highlight of the week remained an eco 179,000dwt, 2012-built, fixing from Yuzhny to China (three ports discharge) at USD 59,000 daily. Fronthaul trading has been scarce, although K-Line secured a POSCO tender to move a 150,000dwt, 10% cargo, from Port Cartier to Kwangyang at USD 27.23, with K-Line using in-house tonnage.


In contrast, the Singapore holiday had very little impact on Panamax to Kamsarmax trading in a very busy week, with rates improving across the board. The North Atlantic mineral trades remained very active, particularly for coal cargoes from northern Europe to the Baltic, with tonnage tight and rates firming.

A well-described 84,800dwt, 2016-built, achieved USD 18,500 daily from Immingham, prompt for a trip via the Baltic with Skaw-Gibraltar redelivery. The standard Trans-Atlantic rounds were less buoyant with cargoes available fewer as the week progressed. Several ships were taken on a two-laden legged basis, but the durations were not always disclosed, with rates hovering around the upper USD 15,000s to low USD 16,000s.

Fronthaul included a 2017-built, 82,000dwt, fixing from Lulea for a trip via the Baltic to India, with coal via the Suez at a still hefty USD 30,000 daily. South America remained active this week with a clear out of cargo and ships for first half of September, with some now taking a watch and wait view. A 2012-built Kamsarmax allegedly went at USD 16,000 daily plus a USD 600,000 bonus from EC South America to the East, with several ships this week reported on a drop basis from India or SE Asia.

In the East the market firmed, particularly for SE Asia with buoyant coal demand from Australia and Indonesia, helped too by South American demand absorbing tonnage. A 75,000dwt open Taiwan allegedly went over USD 11,000 for an Indonesia round. The pace appeared to have slowed for NoPac cargoes, but a 2013-built, Kamsarmax reportedly fixed at USD 14,000 daily from Zhoushan for a NoPac round journey with a grain house.


Increased trading was evident towards the end of the week once Singapore returned to the market Thursday after the holiday. The EC South America and Black Sea remained steady, whilst the USG appeared to be edging down, especially for prompt tonnage. In the East, more Indonesian coal cargoes with end of August cancelling circulated in the market and the remaining limited tonnage helped push rates higher.

Moving closer to the fourth quarter, more period fixtures were reported from both basins. A 61,000dwt open in the East Mediterranean was booked for five to seven months at USD 15,000 for redelivery in the Atlantic, with additional USD 400,000 ballast bonus, with redelivery in the Far East. Another similar-sized delivery in the same area was booked for four to six months at USD 14,500 for Atlantic redelivery. Two 63,000dwt open Dalian and CJK were fixed for four to seven months at USD 12,800 and USD 13,300 respectively, both for redelivery worldwide.

From the USG, rates achieved USD 25,000 on a Dolphin 57-type for a trip to India for moving pet-coke. Later in the week, an Ultramax was put on subjects at USD 22,000 from SW Pass for a Trans-Atlantic grain trip in early September. A 63,000dwt open Liverpool was booked for a trip with met-coke via Poland to Algeria at USD 15,000.

Another similar-sized was fixed, basis Canakkale delivery via the Black Sea to the Far East at USD 23,000. In the Pacific, a coal trip via Indonesia paid USD 13,500 on a 56,000dwt to WC India, and USD 11,000 on a 47,000dwt to China – both basis Singapore delivery. A NoPac run was reportedly done at USD 12,250 on a 63,000dwt open North China for redelivery to SE Asia.


The trend set at the beginning of the week continued with the Atlantic remaining firm, but weak in the Pacific. Brokers suggested that the current stronger rates for Supramaxes could spill over to the smaller sizes and the positive sentiment would hold for slightly longer. The Persian Gulf area was active this week with a plentiful supply of handy cargoes, but the Pacific market showed little sign of improvement.

A 38,000dwt was fixed from Antwerp to the USG at USD 9,750, while a 38,000dwt, open in the Continent, was fixed for a 30-40 day trip via the Baltic, for redelivery W Africa at USD 16,000. A 35,000dwt open Greece was booked for a trip to SE Asia at USD 16,000. From EC South America, a 37,000dwt was fixed at USD 12,000 for a trip redelivery Skaw-Cape Passero range, and a 31,000dwt was booked to move logs to India at USD 13,500. From the Persian Gulf, a 35,000dwt was fixed for four to six months at USD 10,000. Another 35,000dwt was fixed from Fujairah to EC India at USD 8,500.

(Source: The Baltic Briefing)

Sea News, August 27


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